Mortgage is a way of securing a debt by using your own property as a guarantee to the lender. If For some reason you cannot pay your debt in time you may lose the property. The term mortgage itself refers to the debt and also to the legal device used when securing the property.

In the countries where properties are highly demanded and the prices are quite elevated, there are strong loan and mortgage markets. The UK mortgage market is famous for this reason, it is one of the best in the world, and the competition is very high. The main difference between the UK mortgage market and the ones in other countries is that in the UK the state is not interfering with it and all the loans are funded by banks or credit unions. Also one can find a lot of types of loans in the UK mortgage market.

The UK mortgages are of different interest rates. These rates can be:

-fixed rates - they remain constant for all the period of the loan, usually up to five years because loans with fixed rates that last more than five years are not that popular.

-variable rates - the interest rate of the UK mortgage varies in time, depending on the agreement between the lender and the client

-discount rates - variable rates that benefit of a discount for a period

-capped rates - a mixture between variable rates and fixed rates - the interest rate may vary but cannot raise over a certain fixed limit

Furthermore, these UK mortgage rates may also be combined, depending on what the lender and borrower agree on.

Lenders in the UK are usually also asking for a valuation fee, required to pay an observer that must visit the property and evaluate it in order to make sure that it can cover the UK mortgage amount.

Sometimes after taking a remortgage loan you may wish to switch the mortgage to another lender that asks for lower interest rates, so that you can save some money. This is called remortgaging. The UK remortgage market is also very innovative and competitive, almost half of the mortgage applications are in fact for remortgages.

An advice on UK remortgage is to only remortgage your loan if its interest rate drops under 2% under your current interest rate. But the interest rate is not the only thing that should be taken into account when thinking about a UK remortgage. Also consider the amount of time that you plan to live in your home - it has to be enough to cover the costs of the mortgage.